Alchemy of History-Asia

Countries like India and China both have social philosophies in some ways compare to the western notions of social behavior and structure, although in many ways they do not compare.

Overtime, as in the west, some of their core ideas and ways of life are altered and at times lost. Some traditions, rituals, and perception have changed by design while other have seen changes because of social, economic and physical forces. While some ideas were based on a lack of insight in grasping the need for equality seeing human potential or self interest in controlling it over time, some ideas are enduring and can be applied to the notion of universal beneficial. social alchemy.

One overriding concept in many so called Ancient  Eastern cultures was that knowledge of self was a part of greater awareness of the organic world in which they depended.

Some of the core ancient ideas to analyze in terms of social alchemy includes the following.

Types of Hinduism:
Vaishnava, Shakti, Saiva, Smarta (Jnana) path

Notes on Smarta(Jnana) path:
Adhikara: aptitude
1. Shravana: scriptural study
2. Manana:  reflection
3. Nidid-hyasana or Dhyana: sustained meditation, merging with Siva

They are divided by ways of perception.
1. Advaita: non-dualistic
2. Visishtadvaita: qualified non-dualistic
3. Dvaita:  dualistic

Organs of Action
speech, hands, feet, organ of regeneration, anus

Gnanam: Knowledge

Vasana: ones individualistic nature

Swadharma:  activity that helps you grow/evolve in life.

Paradharma:  activity that doesn’t help you grow/evolve in life.

Students of Upanishads should develop:
Self control
Inner serenity

Elements of Being

Vasyam: to be covered.
Nama: name
Rapa: form
Kriya: action
Guna: quality
Superimposed upon ATMA

Concepts of Self Knowledge
1. Viveka: discrimination of that which is real and unreal.
2. Vairagya: renunciation
3. Shatsampatti (Six treasures): the six ethical practices needed to attain and maintain the self knowledge which is part of a spiritual life.

Organs of Knowledge

Jnana-Indriyas: eyes, ears, skin, tongue, nose


Ignorance has three elements:
lack of knowledge, experience, and understanding.  

It is the barrier between mental slavery and self-determination.

Shama:  serenity of mind

Dama:  rational control of the senses

Uparati:  turning away from sensual enjoyment.

Philosophy emphasizes Reason

Religion insists on Faith


Attachment is a pervertion of love.


Elements/Stages of Desire
kama: attachment
krodha: anger
moha:  delusion
mada:  arrogance
matsarya: envy
lobha: greed
bhaya:  fear

Desire can be like bacteria if not tamed.


footnotes:   vedanta treatise by A. Parthasarathy  vakil & Sons vmkils house 18 Ballard-estate, bombay 400. 038, india