Countries like India and China both have social philosophies in some ways compare to the western notions of social behavior and structure, although in many ways they do not compare.
Overtime, as in the west, some of their core ideas and ways of life are altered and at times lost. Some traditions, rituals, and perception have changed by design while other have seen changes because of social, economic and physical forces. While some ideas were based on a lack of insight in grasping the need for equality seeing human potential or self interest in controlling it over time, some ideas are enduring and can be applied to the notion of universal beneficial. social alchemy.
One overriding concept in many so called Ancient Eastern cultures was that knowledge of self was a part of greater awareness of the organic world in which they depended.
Some of the core ancient ideas to analyze in terms of social alchemy includes the following.
Types of Hinduism:
Vaishnava, Shakti, Saiva, Smarta (Jnana) path
Notes on Smarta(Jnana) path:
1. Shravana: scriptural study
2. Manana: reflection
3. Nidid-hyasana or Dhyana: sustained meditation, merging with Siva
THREE GENERAL SCHOOLS OF VEDANTA:
They are divided by ways of perception.
1. Advaita: non-dualistic
2. Visishtadvaita: qualified non-dualistic
3. Dvaita: dualistic
Organs of Action
speech, hands, feet, organ of regeneration, anus
Vasana: ones individualistic nature
Swadharma: activity that helps you grow/evolve in life.
Paradharma: activity that doesn’t help you grow/evolve in life.
Students of Upanishads should develop:
Elements of Being
Vasyam: to be covered.
Superimposed upon ATMA
Concepts of Self Knowledge
1. Viveka: discrimination of that which is real and unreal.
2. Vairagya: renunciation
3. Shatsampatti (Six treasures): the six ethical practices needed to attain and maintain the self knowledge which is part of a spiritual life.
Organs of Knowledge
Jnana-Indriyas: eyes, ears, skin, tongue, nose
Ignorance has three elements:
lack of knowledge, experience, and understanding.
It is the barrier between mental slavery and self-determination.
Shama: serenity of mind
Dama: rational control of the senses
Uparati: turning away from sensual enjoyment.
Philosophy emphasizes Reason
Religion insists on Faith
Attachment is a pervertion of love.
Elements/Stages of Desire
Desire can be like bacteria if not tamed.
footnotes: vedanta treatise by A. Parthasarathy vakil & Sons vmkils house 18 Ballard-estate, bombay 400. 038, india